How are indigenous conceptions of time and of the past different from those of western society? Do indigenous peoples share a common orientation to time and the past, present and future or is there considerable variation between indigenous cultures? As indigenous peoples are educated in the western academic tradition, do their conceptions of history change? Are mainstream historians changing their ideas of what history is or can be as a result of contact with indigenous peoples? How do these differences affect the possibility of a shared and inclusive history of Canada? What other kinds of history are indigenous historians telling?